May 18, 2020
The CARES Act stimulus package passed by Congress in late March provided Economic Impact Payments to eligible recipients which been remitted throughout the last month. According to the Act, eligible individuals include U.S. citizens and qualifying resident aliens who are not a dependent of another taxpayer and have a work-eligible Social Security number with adjusted gross income (AGI) up to the following:
- $75,000 for individuals filing single or married filing separately
- $112,500 for the head of household filers
- $150,000 for married couples filing jointly
These eligible recipients have received or will receive payments of $1,200 to individuals and $2,400 to married couples, plus $500 per dependent child. Taxpayers will receive a reduced payment if their AGI is between:
- $75,000 and $99,000 for individuals filing single or married filing separately
- $112,500 and $136,500 for the head of household filers
- $150,000 and $198,000 for married couples filing jointly
As with any new program, glitches have been identified. Eligibility was determined using 2018 or 2019 tax returns. Discrepancies between information on these previously filed returns and current status have led to deceased taxpayers, trusts, and other ineligible individuals mistakenly receive funds. Those ineligible to receive Economic Impact Payments include:
- Individuals who were deceased before the date of payment
- Individuals or married taxpayers filing separately with AGI greater than $99,000
- Taxpayers filing head of household with AGI greater than $136,500
- Married taxpayers filing jointly with AGI greater than $198,000
- Individuals who can be claimed as a dependent on another person’s return (For example, a child or student claimed on a parent’s return
- Individuals who do not have a valid Social Security number
- Nonresident aliens
- Individuals who filed Form 1040-NR, 1040NR-EZ, 1040-PR, or 1040-SS for 2019
- Individuals who are currently incarcerated
How do I determine if I received misappropriated funds?
The IRS has set up an Economic Impact Payment Information Center that includes information about which taxpayers are eligible and how to return payments received by those disqualified by the factors above.
In many instances, the family or beneficiaries of a deceased individual or trust have received payment on behalf of the deceased. This is particularly common in situations where the individual had passed away in late 2019 or 2020, and a 2019 tax return had not yet been filed on their behalf. By definition, these payments to trusts or family of a deceased individual are considered payments to an ineligible recipient.
What should I do if I received funds for a deceased or an ineligible recipient?
Economic Impact Payments given to deceased or otherwise ineligible recipients previously listed must be returned to the IRS. For payments received by joint filers where only one spouse is deceased or ineligible, only the portion of the payment made for the ineligible spouse must be returned ($1,200 unless the AGI exceeds $150,000). Ineligible recipients of the payments, or those who received payment on behalf of an ineligible or deceased recipient, should follow the IRS repayment instructions to return the payments.
If the payment was a paper check:
1. Write “Void” on the endorsement section on the back of the check.
2. Mail the voided Treasury check immediately to the appropriate IRS location.
3. Do not staple, bend, or paper clip the check.
4. Include a note stating the reason for returning the check.
If the payment was a paper check and you have cashed it, or if the payment was a direct deposit:
1. Submit a personal check, money order, etc., immediately to the appropriate IRS location.
2. Write on the check/money order made payable to “U.S. Treasury” and write “2020EIP,” and the taxpayer identification number (Social Security number, or individual taxpayer identification number) of the recipient of the check.
3. Include a brief explanation of the reason for returning the payment.
Appropriate IRS mailing addresses can be found in the IRS repayment instructions located on the Economic Impact Payment Information Center.
If you feel you have received funds for an ineligible individual but are unsure how to proceed, contact your William Vaughan Company advisor and they can guide you through the appropriate process for your given circumstance.
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